A photograph of King Emmanuel III of Italy (1869-1947), who reigned from 1900 to 1946. He appointed Benito Mussolini to the position of Prime Minister in 1922. He also abdicated his throne to his son, Crown Prince Umberto in 1946.
Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), the fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943. He was titled 'Il Duce,' which means 'The Leader' in Italian. He led the National Fascist Party and later joined Germany and Japan to form the Axis Powers during the war.